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National Hive

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National

The National hive, sometimes called the British Standard National (but British Standard no longer exists) or Modified National. This single walled hive is widely used by beginners as it has long lugs on the frames which make the frames easier to handle. The brood box takes 11 frames 14” wide by 8½” high. It is most convenient to adopt a self spacing Hoffman frame and take up the space left in the brood box with a dummy board.

Hive data

National

National 14x12

W B C

Commercial

Brood frame

14" x 8½"

14" x 12"

14" x 8½"

16" x 10"

Super frame

14" x 5½"

14" x 5½"

14" x 5½"

16" x 10"

Frames / brood box

11

11

10

12

Cells / brood box

54,000

80,000

49,000

80,000

Lug length

1½"

1½"

1½"

5/8"

 

This amount of comb is adequate for a moderately strong colony but not sufficient for a very prolific colony. However, you can always use two brood boxes, which may make colony inspections more difficult but provides more convenience for swarm control and other hive manipulations.

Alternatively you could use a ‘brood and a half’, that is a brood box plus a super used for brood (not recommended as the two frame sizes are not interchangeable) or you could upgrade to 14” x 12”, a Deep National. The extra depth yields a comb area similar to a Commercial (see 14 x 12 and Commercial pages).

This model of hive therefore has plenty of options to suit your beekeeping.

Nationals usually have a flat roof which can be turned upside down and used to rest hive parts on. The hive is square so hive boxes can be warm way or cold way, i.e. frames sit parallel (warm way) or at right angles (cold way) to the entrance.

The majority of National hives are bottom bee space but they can be manufactured with top bee space.

Diagram of National hive

The National hive

More hives:  | National 14×12 | WBC | Commercial | Smith | Langstroth | Dadant | Dartington | Beehaus | Warré |

Latest updates:
2019 Beginners Course
2019 Membership details

Recent update = Honiton Show

Recent update = Asian hornet page

 

News & Events

Scientists sew trackers to Asian Hornets to find and destroy nests before they kill honeybees
Britain’s beekeepers are turning to technology to prevent aggressive Asian hornets destroying their colonies. In a first successful trial, experts at the University of Exeter attached tracking devices to the backs of the voracious hornets and then followed them back to their nests.
Asian hornet information
The June edition of the BBKA News has extensive information about the Asian hornet threat. In particular, pages 209 and 210 have full colour reproductions of the Asian hornet alert document issued by the Non Native Species Secretariat (NNSS) for you to cut out and use as your personal guide to identification of this invasive species.
EU agrees total ban on bee-harming pesticides
More information can be found at:          https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/apr/27/eu-agrees-total-ban-on-bee-harming-pesticides?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Other
LATEST ASIAN HORNET WARNING
The National Bee Unit has confirmed a sighting of a single Asian hornet in Lancashire. More information can be found in the Defra Press release:   https://www.gov.uk/government/news/asian-hornet-identified-in-lancashire