Home » Get Started » Which Hive? » Langstroth

Langstroth

More hives:  |National| National 14×12 | WBC | Commercial | Smith | Dadant | Dartington | Beehaus | Warré |

Langstroth and Jumbo Langstroth

In 1853 the Rev. L. L. Langstroth of Philadelphia, USA, first described this hive in his book ‘The Hive and the Honeybee’. The essential feature was the systematic adoption of the principal of bee space whereby a gap around the framed combs of 3/16” to 3/8” would prevent the frames from becoming attached to the hive walls. A wider gap would be filled with brace comb and a narrower gap would be filled with propolis. Thus the moveable frame hive was initiated and the principal is still essential in modern hive design. Today the Langstroth hive is probably the most widely used hive around the world, and popular with commercial beekeepers in the UK.

The Langstroth hive is a rectangular, single wall design of external dimensions 20” x 16¼” with 10 short-lugged frames (⅝“ lugs) resting in rebates on the narrow sides.  Top bee space is usually adopted.

Hive data

Langstroth

Jumbo Langstroth

Dadant

Brood frame

17 9/16" x 9⅛"

17 9/16" x 11¼"

17 9/16" x 11¼"

Super frame

17 9/16" x 5⅜"

17 9/16" x 5⅜"

17 9/16" x 6¼"

Frames / brood box

10

10

11

Cells / brood box

61,000

85,000

93,500

Lug length

⅝"

⅝"

⅝"

Cross section of a top beespace hiveThe number of cells available in a single brood chamber is approx. 61,000 making this hive suitable for large colonies, but for prolific colonies a deeper ‘Jumbo’ version is available with approx. 85,000 cells.

The diagram shows a cross section of a top bee space hive with one bee space between frame sides and hive wall, under lugs and above frames.  The bees naturally leave two bee spaces between brood frames so they can work on the frames back to back.
Thus the spacing of frames is also critical, normally 1⅜” (35mm) centre to centre in brood chambers.
Spacing in supers can be varied to suit the conditions, plus the bees usually leave one bee space between adjacent capped frames.

 

 

More hives:  |National| National 14×12 | WBC | Commercial | Smith | Dadant | Dartington | Beehaus | Warré |

Latest update = 2018 Honiton Show schedule

Recent update = Asian hornet page

Recent update = Home page

News & Events

Axminster Tools & Machinery
Free event
Sat 29 September 2018
11:00 – 14:00 hrs
at the Axminster Store – An introduction To Bee Keeping With East Devon Beekeepers

There’s a great deal of interest in bees these days … would you like to find out what it is all about?Our ‘Introduction to Beekeeping’ event will be hosted by John Badley, Chairman of East Devon Beekeepers, who will cover the history of hive design, definition and importance of bee space and required materials for construction. This will be followed by a demonstration by the Axminster team, on how to build the key components of your own wooden beehives.

John’s presentation will start at 11am and should run for about an hour, and he’ll be available for questions and one-to-one discussions afterwards. This is a free event, between 11:00-14:00, with light refreshments provided so come and find out what all the buzz is about!

Scientists sew trackers to Asian Hornets to find and destroy nests before they kill honeybees
Britain’s beekeepers are turning to technology to prevent aggressive Asian hornets destroying their colonies. In a first successful trial, experts at the University of Exeter attached tracking devices to the backs of the voracious hornets and then followed them back to their nests.
Asian hornet information
The June edition of the BBKA News has extensive information about the Asian hornet threat. In particular, pages 209 and 210 have full colour reproductions of the Asian hornet alert document issued by the Non Native Species Secretariat (NNSS) for you to cut out and use as your personal guide to identification of this invasive species.
EU agrees total ban on bee-harming pesticides
More information can be found at:          https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/apr/27/eu-agrees-total-ban-on-bee-harming-pesticides?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Other
LATEST ASIAN HORNET WARNING
The National Bee Unit has confirmed a sighting of a single Asian hornet in Lancashire. More information can be found in the Defra Press release:   https://www.gov.uk/government/news/asian-hornet-identified-in-lancashire